Parenting preschoolers (3-6 years)

Preschool children exhibit significant physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development. At this stage, kids begin to actively play with other children, interacting, sharing toys, and taking turns (Xiong et al., 2016). In preschool, kids develop oral language skills by answering questions, using grammatically correct sentences, and understanding and responding to various commands and instructions. As for pre-academic skills, they can recognize and name colors and shapes, match related objects, and demonstrate more advanced number concepts (Bassok & Latham, 2017).

The emotional and social development of preschool children shows that they are more aware of the feelings of others (Simon, 2021). They seek friendships and strive to be more independent (Meuwissen & Carlson, 2019). They enjoy participating in household activities and contributing to family routines. Therefore, parents should start giving them age-appropriate tasks and responsibilities. An important aspect of their development is playtime, which allows them to demonstrate and practice what they have learned (Whitebread et al., 2017).

During this stage, they develop empathy, better self-regulation, and problem-solving skills that benefit their healthy social and emotional development (Ramani & Brownell, 2013). These skills lay the foundation for building positive relationships, resolving conflicts, and effectively managing social interactions.

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